- Repetition compulsion means you’re subconsciously trying to fix the past.
- oneinchpunch / Shutterstock
- There are several types of people you should avoid getting into a romantic relationship with.
- This is because they are highly draining and a relationship with them is likely to end up being toxic and damaging.
- Sometimes, people attract the same types of people over and over again because they are subconsciously trying to fix the past.
- But this isn’t a way to develop a healthy relationship.
- Rather, you should look out for any red flags early on, and get out if someone is wrong for you.
Dating is precarious at the best of times, because you never know who you’re going to end up meeting. Someone may seem normal and fun over text message, and be completely alarming in person. You might have chemistry online, only to have nothing in common when you’re actually sitting with each other on a first date.
A person’s behaviour on dating apps can differ greatly from what they are actually like, which is why apps are rife with toxic people. Dangerous and abusive people can pretend to be everything their victims are looking for, only to drop the facade as soon as they have control.
According to therapist Marisa Peer, who spoke to INSIDER, there are six types of toxic people you should steer clear of when looking for a relationship:
- Narcissists will never love you the way you want them to.
- ShotPrime Studio / Shutterstock
People with narcissistic personality disorder can never love anyone since they are self-obsessed. They only find joy in creating chaos for everyone else and feel superior in watching them crumble. To make a relationship with a narcissist work, there are many sacrifices you’ll have to make – and even then there’s no guarantee.
2. Highly paranoid people
- Paranoid people will always be looking for your faults.
- WAYHOME studio / Shutterstock
They are unable to relax and are usually jealous and controlling, according to Peer. Paranoid people always think someone is out to get them, or that their partner is cheating on them. Sometimes, this means they stop their partner going out with friends, or even their family.
3. Controlling and jealous types
- Everyone deserves to be trusted.
- Kiselev Andrey Valerevich / Shutterstock
These people can’t trust you and will make you account for everything. They need to be in control all the time and are very punishing when things don’t go their way, Peer said.
4. Extremely selfish and self-absorbed types
- Some people don’t have the capacity to care for others.
- HBRH / Shutterstock
They can’t see or factor in another point of view. They also lack empathy and emotion, so disagreements are likely to escalate explosively.
- Addicts have to learn to love themselves before they can love anyone else.
- Voyagerix / Shutterstock
They are unable to be honest, both with themselves and anyone else. This is the same for anyone with any sort of addiction. They need to be able to love themselves before they can truly love anyone else. Before this point, any relationship with an addict is likely to end up being codependent.
6. People who have a toxic relationship with their exes and families
- Sometimes, a toxic family member can get in the way.
- Shutterstock/Dmitry A
They show an inability to be accountable for their own actions. A toxic relationship in this sense could be a highly erratic one, or an unhealthy attachment. Either way, you don’t want to get caught up in it.
What next? 1. Learn the warning signs
- There are red flags to look out for.
- nd3000 / Shutterstock
It may not be immediately obvious that someone you meet falls into one of these categories. Highly manipulative people are skilled at putting on a front and pretending to be something they are not.
There are some red flags to look out for at the start of a relationship, such as overly romantic gestures early on, teasing you in a mean way, bringing up their ex all the time, and being uncomfortable with you having different opinions to them.
2. Think about who you’re attracting
- You may be attracting the same sorts of people over and over again.
Once you’ve identified these kinds of people, you may find you’ve been attracting them time and time again. This is usually down to something called repetition compulsion, which essentially means all your past relationships are affecting your current ones.
“We are hardwired to like what is familiar as it feels so comfortable to us and to reject what is unfamiliar as it feels uncomfortable,” Peer told INSIDER. “So we go for what we have always known even when it’s painful and ends badly highly, i.e.: dating addicts or unavailable people.”
3. Don’t try and fix your partner
- The best thing to do is look out for yourself.
- kittirat roekburi / Shutterstock
People also tend to be programmed to try and recreate the past, to subconsciously try and mend the pain they went through previously.
“So if your dad was cold and distant you may be attracted to a cold distant partner while trying your hardest to make them warm and loving,” said Peer. “And should you succeed, you have created what you always thought you needed.”
But this isn’t the way to approach life if you want a healthy partnership with someone. The best thing you can do is work out your attachment style and see how it’s affecting your relationships. Then, identify whether someone is really good for you or not. And, if you think they belong to any of the subsets above, stop trying to fix them.
- Kratom is often ground into a fine powder put into capsules.
- Government regulators are expected to soon rule on the legality of a controversial drug called kratom, a representative at the Drug Enforcement Administration told Business Insider on Tuesday.
- While federal agencies have called kratom a dangerous opioid, advocates say it’s saved their lives.
- One thing missing from the debate about kratom: hard science on how it works.
- For the first time this summer, a researcher isolated kratom’s two key ingredients to see how they affect behavior in rats. Although the results were preliminary, they suggested the drug could hold promise for people with addiction.
A final decision on the legality of a controversial drug is expected imminently from the US government.
The drug, called Kratom, has pitted government regulators against scientists and advocates. The Food and Drug Administration has called it a dangerous opioid and sought to ban it by making it a Schedule 1 drug like heroin or ecstasy. Some advocates say it’s helped them end their addiction to opioids, and scientists want to keep exploring its potential as a medical treatment.
Right now, researchers at the DEA are evaluating the two main components in kratom. They’ll either rule the same for both ingredients, effectively banning all forms of kratom nationwide, or they’ll ban one and make the other potentially available as a medicine at a later date. That’s according to Melvin Patterson, a spokesperson with the Drug Enforcement Administration who described the ruling as forthcoming.
“I think there’s just a few remaining in-house things the DEA was looking at” before issuing a ruling, Patterson told Business Insider on Tuesday.
Right now, kratom is legal in most states, where it is sold in whole plant form as a supplement.
The ruling is highly anticipated by both advocates who say the drug has saved their lives and by scientists who simply want to learn more about how it works.
“I wish there was some sort of holding box we could put drugs like this in until more studies could be done,” Scott Hemby, a professor of pharmaceutical science at North Carolina’s High Point University who authored a recent study isolating kratom’s two main ingredients, told Business Insider on Monday. Read more: A mysterious supplement has a viral following of people who take it for addiction – and researchers say it’s too compelling to ignore
Hemby’s research – the first of its kind – was a preliminary study looking at how kratom’s two main components affect behavior in rats. His findings suggested that the chief compound in the plant could potentially offer therapeutic benefits to people dealing with addiction, but it’s still early days for the work.
“We’re at the precipice of something promising here,” Hemby said when the paper came out.
But Hemby worries that the government’s ruling could make studying the plant and its key ingredients even harder than it already is, and he’s not alone.
Life-saving supplement or dangerous opioid?
- Kratom pills.
- Psychonaught/Wikimedia Commons
Frequently ground into a fine powder and taken as pills or tea, kratom is a psychoactive drug derived from the leaves of an Asian plant in the coffee family called Mitragyna speciosa. Kratom advocates swear by the stuff, saying it’s helped them kick devastating addictions to opioid painkillers.
But federal regulatory bodies like the FDA and the DEA have cracked down on kratom and previously tried to ban it.
“It’s like a cruel joke that I finally found something that works, and the FDA and DEA want it banned,” Bryce Avey, a 26-year-old California native told Business Insider this summer. Avey said he took kratom daily as a tea to help him stop using the opioids he became addicted to after wrist surgery.
The efforts to make kratom illegal culminated at two recent points: In 2016, the DEA attempted to ban kratom but stopped after facing backlash from advocates and members of Congress. Then in October 2017, the FDA broke out kratom’s two main components and studied them separately, ultimately recommending a ban on both of them, Stat News reported this month.
That 2017 FDA recommendation was then sent to the DEA, which began the lengthy process of reevaluating the drug’s two components to make a final decision on the legality of each of them, Patterson said.
Now, a decision on the drug’s two compounds is imminent, he said. While the FDA focuses on medicinal potential, the DEA looks at the compounds’ abuse potential.
Importantly, the agency could choose to rule differently on each compound, Patterson added. Those include mitragynine (MG) and 7‐hydroxymitragynine (7‐HMG) – two ingredients that Hemby calls “the yin and yang of kratom” because while HMG could be potentially harmful, MG seems like it has a lot of therapeutic potential.
That means that even if HMG gets banned or placed into Schedule 1, there’s a possibility that MG could be placed in a different schedule. (Popular ADHD drug Adderall, for example, is a Schedule 2 drug.)
‘The yin and yang of kratom’
In stark contrast to what regulators have said about kratom, a growing cluster of physicians and researchers are beginning to suggest that the drug could have therapeutic potential. Some have said they understand why people looking to get off opioids might find the drug helpful; others have said that new research suggests the plant’s compounds could have untapped potential.
“It makes sense that this product would mitigate the symptoms of opioid withdrawal or allow someone to transition from a higher dose to lower dose, or help get off them off of opioids altogether,” David Juurlink, a professor of medicine at the University of Toronto, told Business Insider this summer.
One big reason is that the kratom plant’s two main ingredients – which can be thought of as similar to how marijuana contains both THC and CBD – appear to have very different effects on the brain.
Of kratom’s two chief ingredients (MG and HMG), MG is thought to be the compound with the most therapeutic potential. There’s about 30 times more MG in Kratom than there is HMG.
Hemby’s study was the first to use rats to investigate how each of these two compounds affects the brain. After giving the animals the chance to self-administer each ingredient by pushing a dial, they found that the rats quickly took advantage of the opportunity to give themselves the HMG but were completely uninterested in MG.
“We stood on our heads to get them to self-administer,” Hemby said, adding that his team tried upping the doses of MG several times. “It just wasn’t working. It was almost like it was innocuous.”
In other words, while one of kratom’s main compounds appeared to be addictive, the other wasn’t at all – in fact, it appeared to have the opposite effect.
That could be promising for people who are turning to kratom for relief from opioid addiction. The drug is known to tap into some of the same brain receptors as opioids – which spurred the FDA to officially call it an opioid in February.
But some people believe those characteristics mean kratom could help treat opioid addiction by staunching cravings and reducing withdrawal and relapse.
Hemby’s findings also suggest there might be a way to process kratom to capitalize on this therapeutic potential by heightening the effects of one compound while minimizing the effects of the other. Strains of the plant, for example, can be bred to have differing concentrations of MG and HMG.
That’s something that he and other researchers like him want to keep studying, he said, so long as government regulators let them.
“It’s really a rush to judgement to say let’s put the kibosh on everything,” Hemby said.
- You may be able to spot signs of opioid addiction in a loved one.
- Spencer Platt/Getty Images
In 2017, an estimated 2.1 million Americans battled an addiction to opioids, the class of drugs that includes prescription painkillers, heroin, and fentanyl.
And opioid addiction – or opioid use disorder, as it’s known to doctors – is a disease that can kill. Opioid-related deaths have surged in recent years, and today, an average of 115 Americans die every day because of opioid overdose, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
But by learning to recognize the signs of an opioid use disorder, you may be able to help a person fighting addiction get treatment – and get better.
“It can take a few years for it to go from when people start misusing opioids to when people really develop the addiction, so along the way there are a few signs and symptoms that family members can be on the lookout for,” addiction expert Dr. Yngvild Olsen, medical director at REACH Health Services in Baltimore and a distinguished fellow of the American Society of Addiction Medicine, told INSIDER.
“I don’t think anyone expects family members to be the experts in making the diagnosis, but family members are the ones who very often will notice that something is not right,” she added. “And when it’s your loved one, you want to really make sure that person is going to get the help they need.”
INSIDER spoke with Olsen to learn more about the potential signs of opioid use disorder. Here are six signs to watch for – and what to do if you notice them.
1. Major changes in behavior
- A dramatic personality shift might be concerning.
Olsen said major shifts in someone’s behavior may be one signal of addiction.
“Let’s say somebody is typically pretty outgoing, seems happy, and then all of a sudden they start getting really irritable and will end up spending a lot of time in their room … That’s a biggie to look out for,” she said.
Read more: Recovering heroin addict explains why it’s so hard to stay clean – even in rehab
She added that self-imposed isolation – for instance, staying out of the house for long stretches and doing everything possible to avoid interaction with family members – is another potentially troubling behavior change.
2. Not meeting obligations
- Addiction can interfere with someone’s ability to keep commitments.
- Vivek Prakash/Reuters
“If someone is missing school or work, or they were once an A student and now they’re barely getting by – those are some warning signs,” Olsen said.
3. The presence of certain objects, like needles and bottle caps
- Sometimes addiction can leave physical traces.
- Spencer Platt/Getty Images
Drug paraphernalia, unsurprisingly, can be one major indicator of addiction.
When it comes to opioids specifically, Olsen said loved ones may find objects like tin foil, needles, matches, and charred spoons or bottle caps. (The latter two can be used for cooking drugs.)
4. Going through an opioid prescription faster than expected
- Prescription oxycodone pills.
- John Moore/Getty Images
The current opioid crisis in the US traces all the way back to the 1990s, according to the US National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). At the time, pharmaceutical companies assured the medical community that opioid painkillers weren’t addictive, and as a result, doctors began to prescribe the pills to more and more people.
This led to widespread misuse of the drugs – and climbing rates of opioid overdoses.
Today, 21 to 29% of patients prescribed opioids for chronic pain end up misusing them, while between 8 and 12% develop an opioid use disorder, according to NIDA.
In people who have been prescribed the pills for pain, there are additional signs of addiction to look out for, Olsen explained.
“If people complain that, ‘Oh I ran out of my opioids, I need to go back and get more,’ or if the prescription they received was [meant] to last two weeks and three days into it, the bottle’s empty, that’s kind of concerning,” she said.
5. Intense sleepiness
- Someone who’s intensely sedated could be at risk for an overdose.
“If you find that someone is coming home sedated or sleepy, or you go into someone’s room and you have a hard time waking them up, those are concerns that the person might actually be taking so much of an opioid that they may be at risk for overdosing,” Olsen said.
On a related note: If you live with someone who’s at risk for overdosing, many experts recommend keeping naloxone – the drug that can safely reverse opioid overdose – in your house.
Read more: The US Surgeon General issued a rare advisory telling Americans to carry a lifesaving drug overdose treatment – here’s how to use it
“Having naloxone in the in the home can be lifesaving,” Olsen said.
In many states, you can purchase it at a pharmacy without bringing in a prescription. NIDA’s website offers more information on how to find naloxone in your area.
6. Withdrawal symptoms
- Withdrawal symptoms like body aches could be a sign of established addiction.
- Smile Fight/Shutterstock
Olsen explained that once an addiction has been established, people using opioids may go through cycles of getting high, then experience withdrawal – a collection of unpleasant, sometimes severe symptoms that crops up when someone abruptly stops using a drug they’re addicted to.
“The withdrawal from opioids can be pretty pronounced. So their eyes run, their nose runs, they yawn a lot, they get belly pain, diarrhea, body aches, they feel like they have the flu,” Olsen said. “That also can be another set of things to look for, particularly if there are other warning signs present as well.”
Some of these signs may signal other health problems.
- Some mental health conditions can have symptoms similar to opioid addiction.
It’s good to remember that not all of these signs are exclusive to opioid use disorder.
Olsen noted that people with certain mental health conditions, like depression and bipolar disorder, may also exhibit symptoms like excessive sleepiness or spending lots of time alone.
“I think the message is that, no matter what the diagnosis might be, when people are noticing changes in their loved ones, it’s important to get professional attention,” Olsen said. “Talk to the individual and express your concerns, but then get some professional input.”
Even it turns out your loved one doesn’t have an opioid use disorder, they may still be fighting a serious condition that requires medical attention.
If someone you love has an opioid addiction, talk to them in a non-judgmental way.
- People who have opioid use disorder are not to blame for their disease.
- John Moore/Getty Images
If you do discover that a loved one is addicted to opioids, the first thing to do is talk to them without assigning any blame.
“No one wakes up one morning and says, ‘You know, I think I’m going to give myself an opioid addiction,’” Olsen said. “In fact, it can be quite painful and people are often extremely ashamed and fearful of letting their family members know what’s going on.”
But showing empathy and concern rather than judgment may encourage the individual to open up about their addiction, rather than shutting you out, she explained.
“Acknowledge that this is a disease, it’s not your fault, we want to get you help, we want you to feel better, we love you, and we are here to help you,” Olsen added.
Seek help from a medical professional.
- There are medicines that can treat opioid use disorder.
- Fotoluminate LLC/Shutterstock
“Once you talk to the individual, the best thing is if you can get them to agree to see a healthcare provider who can do an assessment,” Olsen said. “And if the person is unwilling to go and see someone, a family member could talk to a healthcare provider individually first and get some thoughts about how to best approach the situation.”
There are treatments available for opioid addiction, including the medications methadone and buprenorphine, which suppress withdrawal symptoms and drug cravings, and naltrexone, which blocks the effects of opioids in the brain.
These medicines are used in combination with behavioral counseling to form an approach known as medication-assisted treatment (MAT). MAT has been shown to reduce opioid overdose deaths and help patients stay in treatment, according to NIDA.
Read more: Most rehabs don’t offer a science-backed treatment for drug addiction. A new initiative aims to change that.
There’s a popular misconception that these medications simply substitute one addiction for another, but experts say that’s not true. When used properly, they simply help patients manage an addiction so they can recover, the ASAM explains.
Unfortunately, MAT can be difficult to access because not every treatment center offers it. To find available treatment options near where you live, use the US Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA) Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator online. You can also call SAMHSA’s National Helpline (1-800-662-4357) for referrals to treatment facilities in your area. It’s free, confidential, and available 24/7.
Take care of yourself, too.
- A support group for family members of people with opioid addiction.
- John Moore/Getty Images
The effects of addiction reach beyond the individual fighting the disease. It can negatively impact that person’s family and friends, too.
Opioid addiction may cause individuals to behave in ways that disrupt family life, or even threaten or traumatize their loved ones, Olsen said, and dealing with these behaviors can be traumatic. If someone you love is addicted to opioids, remember that you could benefit from external support, too.
“[Don’t] go it alone,” Olsen said. “Getting help for yourself as a family member and for other people in the family is really important.”
That help may come from support groups or community-based organizations or some other outlet. SAMHSA’s National Helpline (1-800-662-4357) also provides assistance for family members of people with substance use disorders. It can help you find services like these in your area.
Visit INSIDER’s homepage for more.
Imagine a disease that causes almost half a million deaths a year, that has children losing parents, that triggers boundless crime and violence. Surely we’d scramble for solutions. Surely global bodies would not trot out the same useless strategies for years. Surely no leader would call to kill those affected. That, though, is the reality of the global drug epidemic.
In Manila, blood-stained bodies of alleged suspects are found daily on the streets, the result of extrajudicial killings by vigilantes or the police. Often, the faces of the murdered are wrapped in plastic tape, their hands tied, with a note – or sick meme. In one case, a grinning mouth and eyes were drawn over the wrapped face of a dead man.
The careless disregard for life, and the disrespect for the dead, are the toll of the “war on drugs”. The bloody trail left by this war questions our very humanity.
Across the Pacific, it’s also grim: 2017 was the worst year ever for American drug overdoses, with 200 deaths a day, report US health authorities. That’s more deaths than from car crashes, the Vietnam War or guns. Grandparents have had to step in to care for orphaned children. This crisis, which began with a rise in legal prescription painkillers, has been fuelled by fentanyl, a synthetic drug 50 times stronger than heroin.
Protesters holding a banner that says “fight the dictator” during a rally to call for an end to the killings in the so-called war on drugs of Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte. Photo: AP
Modern drugs are more dangerous than ever before. And far more available.
Yet we still hear leaders – including our own – blathering on about becoming drug-free. A “Drug-Free Asean” was a goal set by Asean in 1998 and then again in 2000, with a target year of 2015. No matter that they missed that; the goal was reaffirmed just last week.
The United Nations called for a “drug-free world” in 1998, and then 2008 again, with the slogan “We can do it”. Um, really? A push for policy reform failed in 2016, the fantastical rhetoric remains. Who are they trying to kid?
In fact, we have not even “remotely reduced” the global supply of drugs, says a report that came out earlier this week.
The UN drug strategy of the last 10 years has been a “spectacular failure”, says the report from a network of 174 non-governmental organisations under the International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC).
The report catalogues the carnage of the last decade:
> A 145% rise in drug-related deaths in the decade, with 450,000 deaths in 2015 alone;
> Almost 4,000 executions for drug offences;
> Around 27,000 extrajudicial killings in drug crackdowns in the Philippines since June 2016;
> More than 71,000 overdose deaths in the United States in 2017 alone;
> And a global pain epidemic, with 75% of people lacking access to pain treatment such as morphine.
There is also a huge prison population related to drug use. Globally, one in five prisoners are behind bars for drug offences, mostly possession for personal use; in Malaysia, this figure is more than 50%.
Meanwhile, cultivation, consumption and illegal trafficking are now at record levels, with a 130% rise in opium poppy cultivation since 2009.
The report comes ahead of a key UN meeting next March where there is a chance to set a new roadmap for drugs. The IDPC has called for an end to punitive policies and “unrealistic” objectives and for more “meaningful goals” that improve health.
Globally, there is a shift towards decriminalisation, whereby drugs remain illegal but people caught with small amounts of drugs do not go to prison.
Portugal successfully decriminalised drugs in 2001; it has saved money and improved public health with no rise in drug use. Canada and Uruguay have gone further and legalised cannabis, which will be regulated like alcohol.
Malaysia has been shifting towards a public health approach. Back in the 1990s, bodies of drug users could be found on the streets of Chow Kit in Kuala Lumpur. Palani Narayanan, then an outreach worker and co-founder for Ikhlas, a drop-in centre in Chow Kit supporting drug users, remembers finding bodies in abandoned buildings.
The introduction of voluntary clinics offering methadone treatment and needle and syringe exchange services led to a drop in deaths and a massive decline in HIV infections.
Now a senior adviser for the Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, he still thinks about those lives lost in Chow Kit.
“We could have saved so many if we had decriminalised drugs and got people to come forward and get treatment.”
Criminalising drugs pushes users towards criminal organisations. It makes drugs more dangerous, even deadly.
We’ve lost the war on drugs. The only winners have been the drug lords. We need to view drug addiction not as a crime, but for what it really is – a health issue.
Human Writes columnist Mangai Balasegaram writes mostly on health but also delves into anything on being human. She has worked with international public health bodies and has a Masters in public health. Write to her at firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Jamie Lee Curtis stars in the “Halloween” sequel.
- Mark Metcalfe/Getty Images
- Jamie Lee Curtis discussed her a secret 10-year opioid addiction in a recent interview with People.
- Curtis, who has been sober for over 20 years, said the addiction began when she was prescribed painkillers after minor plastic surgery.
- “I was ahead of the curve of the opiate epidemic,” Curtis told People. “I had a 10-year run, stealing, conniving. No one knew. No one.”
20 years after getting sober, Jamie Lee Curtis has opened up about a secret opioid addiction that she battled for 10 years.
In a new cover story for People, Curtis revealed that she became addicted when she was prescribed painkillers after getting minor plastic surgery in 1989 to correct, “hereditary puffy eyes.”
“I was ahead of the curve of the opiate epidemic,” Curtis told the magazine. “I had a 10-year run, stealing, conniving. No one knew. No one.”
Read more: Researchers finally pinpoint how a single doctor’s prescribing habits could impact long-term drug use – and the results are stark
People reports that the “Halloween” actress spent this decade of her life “getting painkillers any way she could,” which included stealing pills from friends and family.
Curtis didn’t tell her husband, Christopher Guest, about her addiction until 1999, the same day she attended her first recovery meeting. She told People that she still attends meetings to this day and that others who are struggling will turn to her for help because she’s “the opiate girl.”
“Getting sober remains my single greatest accomplishment,” Curtis said. “Bigger than my husband, bigger than both of my children and bigger than any work, success, failure. Anything.”
“I’m breaking the cycle that has basically destroyed the lives of generations in my family.”
Addiction and mental illness are known to be influenced by genetics.
As People notes, Curtis’ family has a history of addiction: “Her father, ‘Some Like It Hot’ actor Tony Curtis, abused alcohol, cocaine, and heroin. Her half-brother Nicholas Curtis died from a heroin overdose in 1994.”
Between 40% and 60% of a person’s “vulnerability to addiction” is related to genetic factors, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, as reported by CNN.
However, environmental factors certainly play a role: “Genetics aren’t the end-all,” Rohan Palmer, assistant professor of psychology at Emory University and the director of its Behavioral Genetics of Addiction Laboratory, told CNN.
“The relative import of any one of those – genetic or environmental factors – is going to vary from person to person.”
President Donald Trump has declared the opioid crisis a “national emergency.” Drug overdoses now kill about as many Americans per year as AIDS did in the late 80s and early 90s. More than 183,000 people died from overdoses related to prescription opioid painkillers like oxycodone, hydrocodone, fentanyl, and morphine over the last 15 years.
If you are struggling with addiction and want to seek treatment, call the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration‘s free, national, 24/7 helpline at 1-800-662-HELP.
Visit INSIDER’s homepage for more.