- A jogger runs past a signage for pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) in London April 22, 2014.
- REUTERS/Luke MacGregor
- GSK’s popular new shingles vaccine, Shingrix, faces shortages due to high demands.
- Shingrix is much more effective than Zostavax, a shingles vaccine that has been used since 2006.
- Although GSK increased the total supply of the vaccine for 2018, it still anticipates order limits and shipping delays.
Shipments of a new shingles vaccine by GlaxoSmithKline are flying off the shelves within days of being delivered. The popularity of the vaccine, called Shingrix, caught the drugmaker by surprise, and it underestimated the amount that it needed to make which resulted in a slight lag in production.
Shingles is a viral infection that manifests painful rashes on the body. It’s caused by the same virus that gives you chickenpox (varicella-zoster virus), which can lie dormant in nerve tissues near the spinal cord and brain, and reanimate in late life.
The CDC announced in June that the unexpectedly high demand of Shingrix had prompted GSK to impose order limits that have resulted in spotty availability in pharmacies, clinics and hospitals.
“It is anticipated these order limits and shipping delays will continue throughout 2018,” stated the CDC on its website. It said that GSK has increased the US supply for the vaccine for the rest of the year, and this supply should be able to support more patients than in 2017.
Shingrix was approved for use by the FDA in 2017. According to the CDC, the vaccine is more than 90% effective at preventing shingles, compared to the 51% effectiveness of the old shingles vaccine Zostavax. Zostavax, which has been used since 2006, is still offered as an alternative for patients who are allergic to Shingrix.
Vaccines against shingles are recommended for healthy adults over 50. For Shingrix, two doses separated by 2-6 months are recommended as part of the course series for maximum protection. Many patients have reported getting the first injection, but due to the shortage, are unable to complete the second injection.
Fortunately, the CDC said that it’s fine if the time between the injections lapse outside of 6 months, and that patients don’t need to restart the series. It also warns patients not to substitute in Zostavax for the second injection.
Two-course injections of Shingrix costs $280 wholesale. The vaccine should be covered by Medicare Part D, some Medicaid plans, and private insurers.
- Hollis Johnson
- Popular DNA testing companies like Ancestry and 23andMe can – and frequently do – sell your data to drug makers.
- On Wednesday, pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline announced it was acquiring a $300 million stake in 23andMe – making that connection much more explicit.
- If that new has you wondering about how your own genetic material is being used, here’s a guide to deleting your DNA sample and data from 23andMe, Ancestry, and Helix.
Popular spit-in-a-tube genetics testing companies like Ancestry and 23andMe can – and frequently do – sell your data to drug makers. But on Wednesday, one of those partnerships became much more explicit: pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline announced it was acquiring a $300 million stake in 23andMe.
As part of a 4-year deal between the two companies, GlaxoSmithKline will comb 23andMe’s genetic data to look for potential new drugs to develop, also referred to as drug targets. It will also use the genetic data to inform how patients are selected for clinical trials.
If that news has you thinking about how your own genetic material is being used for research, know that although the DNA you submit to these services is ostensibly anonymized. However, leaks can happen, and privacy advocates note such incidents could allow your data to find its way elsewhere, perhaps without your knowledge.
Deleting your genetic data from these platforms can be a surprisingly tricky process. Here’s how to navigate removing your spit sample and DNA data from the databases maintained by 23andMe, Ancestry, and Helix.
23andMe may keep your spit and data for up to a decade
- 23andMe Instagram
The core service provided by most commercial genetic tests is built on the extraction of your DNA from your spit – that’s how you get the results about your health and ancestry information.
After registering your spit sample online with 23andMe, you will be asked if you’d like your saliva to be stored or discarded. But you are not asked the same question about your raw genetic data – the DNA extracted from your spit.
Based on the wording of a document called the “Biobanking Consent Document,” it’s a bit unclear what happens to that raw DNA once you decide to have 23andMe either store or toss your spit.
Here’s the statement’s exact language:
“By choosing to have 23andMe store either your saliva sample or DNA extracted from your saliva, you are consenting to having 23andMe and its contractors access and analyze your stored sample, using the same or more advanced technologies.”
That leaves a bit of a grey area as far as what 23andMe has the ability to keep, and how they can use your DNA information. If your spit or DNA sample is stored, the company can hold onto it for between one and 10 years, “unless we notify you otherwise,” the Biobanking Consent Document states.
Still, you can request that the company discard your spit. To do so, go to its Customer Care page, navigate to “Accounts and Registration,” scroll to the bottom of the bulleted list of options, and select the last bullet titled “Requesting Account Closure.”
Once there, you must submit a request to have your spit sample destroyed and/or have your account closed.
Ancestry won’t toss your spit unless you call, but you can delete your DNA results
- Sarah Kimmorley/Business Insider Australia
If you want to delete your DNA test results with Ancestry, use the navigation bar at the top of the homepage to select “DNA.” On the page with your name at the top, scroll to the upper right corner, select “Settings,” then go to “Delete Test Results” on the right side column.
According to the company’s latest privacy statement, doing this will result in Ancestry deleting the following within 30 days: “All genetic information, including any derivative genetic information (ethnicity estimates, genetic relative matches, etc.) from our production, development, analytics, and research systems.”
However, if you opted into Ancestry’s informed “Consent to Research” when you signed up, the company says it cannot wipe your genetic information from any “active or completed research projects.” But it will prevent your DNA from being used for new research.
To direct the company to discard your spit sample, you must call Member Services and request that they toss it.
Helix will toss your spit upon request, but can keep data ‘indefinitely’
The company also stores your saliva sample. You can request that your spit be destroyed by contacting Helix’s Customer Care. There, you’ll find a request form that looks similar to the one 23andMe uses.