Diabetes has been associated with an increased risk for heart failure – the incidence is exacerbated by sex difference, as women have been found to be more at risk. A new study, led by Dr. Toshiaki Ohkuma from the Georgia institute of Global Health in Australia, linked type-1 diabetes to a 47% increased risk of heart failure in women and type-2 diabetes to a 9% increased risk, when compared to men.
The data was collated from 14 studies and over12 million individuals from Australia, UK, Europe, and much of Asia, and showed that both type-1 and type-2 diabetes were strong risk factors for heart failure in women. Type-1 diabetes was associated with 5.15 times higher risk of heart failure in women but poses a lower risk (3.47 times) in men, while type-2 diabetes was associated with 1.95 times higher risk of heart failure in women, and 1.74 times higher risk in men. Diabetic women were also found to be at a five-fold increase of heart failure compared to women without it.
In addition to a 44% risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in diabetic women, differences in diabetes management are accounted for greater cardiovascular disease risks in diabetic women over diabetic men.
These recent findings are hoped to highlight the importance of a routine sex-specific approach in diabetes research and clinical practice in order to provide due treatment to the masses.
Category: Education, Health alert